Since the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), an individual’s federal tax deduction for state and local taxes (SALT) paid during the calendar year is limited to $10,000. The SALT limitation impacted many individual partners and shareholders. Several states responded to this limitation by issuing workarounds to enact entity-level taxes for pass-through entities where the entity pays the tax instead of its owners and then deducts the full amount of state taxes paid, thus avoiding the $10,000 limitation at the individual level. It was uncertain whether the IRS would accept this entity-level tax workaround.
While similar to FSAs (Flexible Savings Plans) in that both allow pre-tax contributions, Health Savings Accounts or HSAs offer taxpayers several additional tax benefits such as contributions that roll over from year to year (i.e., no "use it or lose it"), tax-free interest on earnings, and when used for qualified medical expenses, tax-free distributions.
Lending money to a cash-strapped friend or family member is a noble and generous offer that just might make a difference. But before you hand over the cash, you need to plan ahead to avoid tax complications for yourself down the road.
Many parents are looking for ways to save for their child's education and a 529 Plan is an excellent way to do so. Even better, is that thanks to the passage of tax reform legislation in 2017, 529 plans are now available to parents wishing to save for their child's K-12 education as well as college or vocational school.