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    Renting a Vacation Home

    Vacation Homes, Tax Rules, Rental Income

    Tax rules on rental income from second homes can be complicated, particularly if you rent the home out for several months of the year, but also use the home yourself. There is, however, one provision that is not complicated.

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    What to do if you Haven't Filed a Tax Return

    Taxes, Filing Late, Payment Options

    Tuesday, April 18, 2017, was the tax deadline for most taxpayers  to file their tax returns.  If you haven't filed a 2016 tax return yet, don't delay. There's still time--and it's not as difficult as you think.

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    2017 TAX REFORM PROPSAL

    2017, Tax Reform, President Trump

    On Wednesday, April 26th, the White House released President Donald Trump’s tax reform goals and key priorities. The reform proposes slashed corporate tax rates, flattened individual marginal income tax brackets, and repeal of the estate and alternative minimum taxes.

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    Eight Tax Facts about Exemptions and Dependents

    Tax-exempt, 2017, Dependents

    Most people can claim an exemption on their tax return. It can lower your taxable income, which in most cases, that reduces the amount of tax you owe for the year. Here are eight tax facts about exemptions to help you file your tax return.

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    Small Business Financing: Securing a Loan

    Small Businness, Loan, Finance

    At some point, most small businesses owners will visit a bank or other lending institution to borrow money. Understanding what your bank wants, and how to properly approach them, can mean the difference between getting your money for expansion and having to scrape through finding cash from other sources.

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    IRS Dirty Dozen Tax Scams for 2017

    Fraud, 2017, Tax Scams

    Compiled annually by the IRS, the "Dirty Dozen" is a list of common scams taxpayers may encounter in the coming months. While many of these scams peak during the tax filing season, they may be encountered at any time during the year. Here is this year's list:

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    2 NEW STANDARDS AFFECTING YOUR BUSINESS VALUATION

    Business Valuations

    FASB CLARIFIES THE DEFINITION OF A BUSINESS AND SIMPLIFIES THE GOODWILL IMPAIRMENT TEST

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    5 Tax Breaks that Expired in 2016

    Expired Tax Breaks

    Many tax provisions were made permanent with the passage of the PATH Act in late 2015, but more than 36 others expired at the end of 2016. Here are the five that are most likely to affect taxpayers like you. 

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    Claiming an Elderly Parent or Relative as a Dependent

    Tax planning, Claiming Dependents

    Are you taking care of an elderly parent or relative? Whether it's driving to doctor appointments, paying for nursing home care or medical expenses, or handling their personal finances, dealing with an elderly parent or relative can be emotionally and financially draining, especially when you are taking care of your own family as well.

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    IRS TAX SCAMS 2017

    Taxes, Fraud, IRS

    As tax season approaches, taxpayers are reminded to be on the lookout for an array of evolving tax scams related to identity theft and refund fraud. Every year scam artists look for new ways to trick taxpayers out of their hard-earned money, sensitive financial information or even access to their computers. It seems that no matter how careful you are there's always a possibility that identity thieves could steal your personal information and try to cash in by filing fraudulent tax returns in your name.

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    BUSINESS VALUATIONS LETTER: RECAP OF 2016

    Business Valuations

    As thoughts turn to the tasks to be accomplished in 2017, it may be helpful to recap what topics were covered in 2016, as well as touch on the Valuation newsletter focus for 2017. As you are working on strategic planning for the year, you may find it useful to reference these topics.

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    Paying Taxes on Household Help

    Taxes, Individuals, Household Help

    If you employ someone to work for you around your house, it is important to consider the tax implications of this arrangement. While many people disregard the need to pay taxes on household employees, they do so at the risk of paying stiff tax penalties down the road.

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    Early Retirement Distributions and Your Taxes

    Early Retirement

    Taxpayers may sometimes find themselves in situations when they need to withdraw money from their retirement plan early. What they may not realize is that taking money out early from your retirement plan may trigger an additional tax. Here are 10 things taxpayers should know about early withdrawals from retirement plans:

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    Tax Changes for 2017: A Checklist

    Taxes, Individuals, Business

    Welcome, 2017! As the New Year rolls around, it's always a sure bet that there will be changes to current tax law and 2017 is no different. From health savings accounts to tax rate schedules and standard deductions, here's a checklist of tax changes to help you plan the year ahead.

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    Tax Alert to all Employers - Effective January 1, 2017

    Taxes, Employers

    Income Tax Withholding

    IRS will mail new withholding tables (Publication 15) to reflect changes as of January 1, 2017.  When available, the new withholding tables can also be obtained at the Internal Revenue website, www.irs.gov .
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    Employee or Independent Contractor -- Which is it?

    Employee, Business, Independent Contractor

    If you hire someone for a long-term, full-time project or a series of projects that are likely to last for an extended period, you must pay special attention to the difference between independent contractors and employees.

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    Understanding the Net Investment Income Tax

    Taxes, Individuals, Net Investment Income Tax

    One of the most significant tax changes affecting higher income taxpayers was the Net Investment Income Tax that went into effect on January 1, 2013. While it tends to affect wealthier individuals most often, in certain circumstances, it can also affect moderate income taxpayers whose income increases significantly in a given tax year. Here's what you need to know:

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    2016 Tax Provisions for Individuals: A Review

    Taxes, Individuals, Tax Provisions, PATH

    Many of the tax changes affecting individuals and businesses for 2016 were related to the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 (PATH) that modified or made permanent numerous tax breaks (the so-called "tax extenders"). To further complicate matters, some provisions were only extended through 2016 and are set to expire at the end of this year while others were extended through 2019. With that in mind, here's what individuals and families need to know about tax provisions for 2016.

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    An Ounce of Prevention for You and Your Business

    Start-Up Business, Business Tips

    Sucessful businesses are born from three key ingredients-- specific knowledge, expertise and passion.
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    What's Next for 2704 Regulations

    Estate Planning, Wealth Planning

    Post Election IRC Section 2704 Update

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    Energy Tax Credits Expire at the end of 2016

    Certain energy-efficient home improvements can cut your energy bills and save you money at tax time; however, these energy-related tax credits expire at the end of 2016. Here are some key facts that you should know about home energy tax credits:

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    Year-End Tax Planning for Businesses

    There are a number of end of year tax planning strategies that businesses can use to reduce their tax burden for 2016. Here are a few of them:

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    Year-End Tax Planning for Individuals

    Tax planning strategies for individuals this year include postponing income and accelerating deductions, as well as careful consideration of timing related investments, charitable gifts, and retirement planning.

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    Proposed IRS Regulations WOULD Increase Taxes For Many FAMILY Businesses

    Family Business, Business Valuations, Valuation

    IRC Section 2704 Update

    As discussed in last month’s newsletter, proposed changes by the IRS to Section 2704 of the Internal Revenue Code would increase taxes for many family businesses.  The proposed regulation would effectively eliminate valuation discounts when transferring or gifting ownership interests to family members.  As currently written, the regulation would impose a de facto 25 to 50 percent “stealth” tax increase on each transfer or gift, and severely hamper many of these businesses.

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    Choosing the Right Business Entity

    When you decide to start a business, one of the most important decisions you'll need to make is choosing the right business entity. It's a decision that impacts many things--from the amount of taxes you pay to how much paperwork you have to deal with and what type of personal liability you face.

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    Cash Flow Management: the Secret to Success

    Cash flow is the lifeblood of any small business. Some business experts even say that a healthy cash flow is more important than your business's ability to deliver its goods and services.

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    IRS Warns of Fake Tax Bill Emails

    Numerous reports of scammers sending fraudulent CP2000 Notices for tax-year 2015 have been received by the IRS, resulting in an investigation by the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration.

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    Proposed Treasury and IRS Regulations Could Eliminate Valuation Discounts for Many Businesses

    CHANGES TO IRC 2704

    Since 1990, IRC Section 2704 of the tax code has allowed the use of discounts when determining the fair market value of an ownership interest transfer in a privately held company (in particular, Family Limited Partnerships or Limited Partnerships). Typical discounts include the lack of control discount and the lack of marketability discount. Currently, these discounts are applied to the fair market value of an ownership interest from the viewpoint of a “willing seller” and “willing buyer,” both of whom would consider the valuation impact of:

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    Keep Your Holidays Fun and Free from Fraud

    Fraud and Forensics, Accounting Firm, Bank Account Protection

    As most of you make your way home from the shore or prepare your last barbecue of the summer, be sure to count your expenses and keep your banks on high alert.

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    Deducting Business-Related Car Expenses

    Business-Related Car Expenses, Deductions

    Whether you're self-employed or an employee, if you use a car for business, you get the benefit of tax deductions.

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    Tax Planning for Small Business Owners

    Small Businness, Taxes, Tax planning

    Tax planning is the process of looking at various tax options to determine when, whether, and how to conduct business transactions to reduce or eliminate tax liability.

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    Identity Theft and Your Taxes

    Identity Theft, Taxes, Fraud and Forensics

    Tax-related identity theft occurs when someone uses your stolen Social Security number to file a tax return claiming a fraudulent refund. It presents challenges to individuals, businesses, organizations and government agencies, including the IRS.

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    External Business Transitions – The Preparation and Decision Phase

    Valuation

    PREPARING YOUR BUSINESS FOR EXIT (OR GROWTH)

    Last month’s newsletter touched on the Discovery Phase of planning for a business transition, which consists of getting a grasp on the nature of your current situation and what you want to immediately do about it. The next phase of the process is the Preparation Stage. In this stage, business owners will move beyond iterative action plans and focus on strategic personal and financial planning, and then focus on business improvements, including de-risking the business. The final stage of the process is the Decision Stage. At this point, the business owner has a clearer understanding and can make a sound personal and financial decision of whether to exit (or grow) the business.  

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    Five Ways to Improve Your Financial Situation

    If you are having trouble paying your debts, it is important to take action sooner rather than later. Doing nothing leads to much larger problems in the future, whether it's a bad credit record or bankruptcy resulting in the loss of assets and even your home. If you're in financial trouble, then here are some steps to take to avoid financial ruin in the future.

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    Charitable Contributions of Property

    If you contribute property to a qualified organization, the amount of your charitable contribution is generally the fair market value of the property at the time of the contribution. However, if the property fits into one of the categories discussed here, the amount of your deduction must be decreased. As with many aspects of tax law, the rules are quite complex. If you're considering a charitable contribution of property, here's what you need to know:

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    Seven Common Small Business Tax Misperceptions

    One of the biggest hurdles you'll face in running your own business is staying on top of your numerous obligations to federal, state, and local tax agencies. Tax codes seem to be in a constant state of flux and increasingly complicated.

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    External Business Transitions - The Discovery Phase

    Valuation

    EXTERNAL BUSINESS TRANSITIONS – The Discovery Phase

    In general, an external business transition (or sale) is structured as either a transfer to a charitable trust or a sale to a third party. As we have outlined over the past few months, it is important to make preparations before selling any business. Having a plan will ensure that the business owner has enough information to make a sound financial decision and maximize value, minimize risk, and maintain control of the business. According to the Exit Planning Institute the planning process has three phases:  the Discovery Phase, the Preparation Phase, and the Decision Phase. This month's newsletter focuses on the Discovery Phase.      

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    Start Planning Now for Next Year's Taxes

    You may be tempted to forget about your taxes once you've filed your tax return, but did you know that if you start your tax planning now, you may be able to avoid a tax surprise when you file next year?

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    The Best Financial Tool for Business Owners

    What if there were a tool that helped you create crystal-clear plans, provided you with continual feedback about how well your plan was working, and that told you exactly what's working and what isn't?

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    Selling your Business

    Selling your Business

    There are many reasons to sell a business. Maybe you're in ill health or ready to retire. Or you're tired of working all the time and now that the business is profitable you're ready to cash in. Whatever the reason, selling a small to medium sized business is a complex venture and many business owners are not aware of the tax consequences.

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    Internal vs. External Transitions – Key Differences

    Valuation

    As we touched on previously, there are a variety of methods under two business transition strategies:

    Internal Transitions

    • Transfer the business to family
    • Transfer to co-owners
    • Sell the business to your employees

    EXTERNAL TRANSITIONS

    • Transfer the business to a charitable trust
    • Sell your business and retire
    • Sell a percentage to a private group and continue
    • Go public
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    Qualified Small Business Stock Exclusion

    As the driving force in today's economy, small businesses benefit from numerous tax breaks in the tax code. One of these, the Qualified Small Business Stock (QSBS), was just made permanent, thanks to the passage of the PATH Act (Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015). If you're a small business investor, here's what you need to know about this often overlooked tax break.

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    What to do if you get a Letter from the IRS

    Each year, the IRS mails millions of notices and letters to taxpayers for a variety of reasons. If you receive correspondence from the IRS here's what to do:

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    Tax Breaks for Hiring New Employees

    If you're thinking about hiring new employees this year, you won't want to miss out on these tax breaks.

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    VALUATION SPRING CLEANING – Internal transitions

    Valuation

    Transitioning a family-owned business is not something that happens overnight. Succession planning, if done correctly, really never stops. According to Peter G. Christman, author of The Master Plan, Exit Strategy for Successful Business Owners, there are number of potential ways to transition your business:

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    Employee Business Expenses

    If you pay for work-related expenses out of your own pocket, you may be able to deduct those costs. In most cases, you can claim allowable expenses if you itemize on IRS Schedule A, Itemized Deductions. You can deduct the amount that is more than two percent of your adjusted gross income. Here are five other facts you should know:

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    Five Things you Should Know about the AMT

    You may not know about the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) because you've never had to pay it before. However, your income may have changed and you may be required to pay it when you file your 2016 tax return next year. The AMT is an income tax imposed at nearly a flat rate on an adjusted amount of taxable income above a certain threshold. If you have a higher income, you may be subject to the AMT.

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    Tax Planning Strategies to Use This Year

    Looking to save money on your taxes this year? It's never too early to start planning ahead using these proven tax planning strategies.

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    VALUATION SPRING CLEANING

    Valuation

    Liquidation As An Exit Strategy

    Selling a company is often the most obvious exit strategy choice, but buyers can be hard to come by and may not be on your timetable. If this is the case, liquidation may be the only viable option. Liquidation is defined as the conversion of assets to cash by selling them to a user and/or consumer. This can mean inventory, as well as equipment and even intellectual property and intangible assets, such as brand names.

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    Tax Tips for the Self-Employed

    If you are a self-employed, you normally carry on a trade or business. Sole proprietors and independent contractors are two types of self-employment. If this applies to you, there are a few basic things you should know about how your income affects your federal tax return. If you're self-employed, here are six important tax tips you should know about:

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    What Income is Taxable?

    Are you wondering if there's a hard and fast rule about what income is taxable and what income is not taxable? The quick answer is that all income is taxable unless the law specifically excludes it. But as you might have guessed, there's more to it than that.

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    ACA Tax Facts for Individuals and Families

    The Affordable Care Act contains two provisions that may affect your tax return this year: the individual shared responsibility provision and the premium tax credit. Here's what you should know:

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    Social Security File and Suspend: Important Deadline and Changes

    File and Suspend

    Up until now, if a married couple had one spouse at full retirement age (66 or older), file and suspend allowed the other spouse to enjoy short-and long-term benefits.  But after April 29, 2016, this will no longer be the case. After this date, if a spouse suspends his or her benefits, benefits for everyone involved – including the other spouse or qualifying dependent – will be suspended, too. Thus, a filer must take benefits and abstain from delayed retirement credits for the other person to also receive benefits.

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    Succession Planning & Business Valuation

    Valuation

    Valuation is Crucial to Succession Planning

    Business owners spend a lifetime building their businesses.  And when it comes to succession, they face the difficult decision of whether to sell, close, or pass down the business to family members.  Passing down the business involves several complicated issues, such as how to logically divide the family business, allocate value, and tackle complex tax issues.

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    Choosing the Correct Filing Status

    It's important to use the right filing status when you file your tax return because the filing status you choose can affect the amount of tax you owe for the year. It may even determine if you must file a tax return. Keep in mind that your marital status on Dec. 31 is your status for the whole year. Sometimes more than one filing status may apply to you. If that happens, choose the one that allows you to pay the least amount of tax.

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    IRS Dirty Dozen Tax Scams for 2016

    Compiled annually by the IRS, the "Dirty Dozen" is a list of common scams taxpayers may encounter in the coming months. While many of these scams peak during the tax filing season, they may be encountered at any time during the year. Here is this year's list:

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    Six Overlooked Tax Breaks for Individuals

    Confused about which credits and deductions you can claim on your 2015 tax return? You're not alone. Here are six tax breaks that you won't want to overlook.

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    Considering Valuations in a Shark Tank

    Valuation

    By Albert A. Lazo, MBA, CVA

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    Roth IRAs: The Basics

    A Roth IRA is an individual retirement plan that with certain exceptions, is similar to a traditional IRA and subject to the rules that apply to a traditional IRA. For example, to be considered a Roth IRA, the account or annuity must be designated as a Roth IRA when it is opened. A deemed IRA can be a Roth IRA, but neither a SEP IRA nor a SIMPLE IRA can be designated as a Roth IRA.

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    Are your Social Security Benefits Taxable?

    Social security benefits include monthly retirement, survivor, and disability benefits. If you received Social security benefits in 2015, you should receive a Form SSA-1099, Social Security Benefit Statement, showing the amount.

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    Three Most Common Budgeting Errors

    When it comes to creating a budget, it's essential to estimate your spending as realistically as possible. Here are three budget-related errors commonly made by small businesses and some tips for avoiding them.

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    Why You Need a Valuation

    Valuation

    By Albert A. Lazo, MBA, CVA


    If you are over 45 and own a business, you need a business valuation.  As a business owner, the value of your business is a major factor in your retirement game plan.  There are three main exit strategies:

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    What to do if you receive a phone call or e-mail from the IRS?

    By Kellie McShane-Harris

    This will be my 16th tax season working in both a small and mid-size accounting firm.  Ten years ago, I would receive calls a few times a year from clients asking about a phone call they received from the IRS.  I would advise them that it most likely was a scam because the IRS won't call you; rather they will send you a notice.  In recent years, the techniques used for scams have changed and as a result, the frequency of clients receiving them has increased.

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    Tax Changes for 2016: A Checklist

    Welcome, 2016! As the New Year rolls around, it's always a sure bet that there will be changes to current tax law and 2016 is no different. From health savings accounts to retirement contributions and standard deductions, here's a checklist of tax changes to help you plan the year ahead.

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    Ensuring Financial Success for Your Business

    Can you point your company in the direction of financial success, step on the gas, and then sit back and wait to arrive at your destination?

    Not quite. You can't let your business run on autopilot and expect good results. Any business owner knows you need to make numerous adjustments along the way - decisions about pricing, hiring, investments, and so on.

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    Tax Brackets, Deductions, and Exemptions for 2016

    More than 50 tax provisions, including the tax rate schedules, and other tax changes are adjusted for inflation in 2016. Let's take a look at the ones most likely to affect taxpayers like you.

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    Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes (PATH) Act

    Dear Clients and Friends:

    On Friday December 18, 2015 President Obama signed into law what is officially called the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes (PATH) Act.  This legislation extended and renewed dozens of expired tax deductions, credits and incentives.  Following is a brief summary of some of the more important provisions that affect our clients.  If you have any questions regarding the information below please call us to discuss further.

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    Five things to be on the lookout for in 2016

    1. The Affordable Care Act (or ACA or Obamacare) is law. It’s been through numerous election cycles and two Supreme Court rulings. But for now, if you run a business, you must deal with the fact that the ACA is here to stay at least for the foreseeable future (things could change as a result of the 2016 elections). As a business owner your job is to plan ahead and make decisions that will affect your company and its employees. Most of our clients are not dropping healthcare because of the ACA. But they are making changes. So should you. 

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    Take Retirement Plan Distributions by Dec. 31

    Taxpayers born before July 1, 1945, generally must receive payments from their individual retirement arrangements (IRAs) and workplace retirement plans by Dec. 31.

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    2015 Tax Provisions for Individuals: A Review

    From tax credits and educational expenses to the AMT, many of the tax changes affecting individuals for 2015 were related to the signing of the American Taxpayer Relief Act (ATRA) in 2012--tax provisions that were modified, made permanent, or extended. With that in mind, here's what individuals and families need to know about tax provisions for 2015.

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    Six Tips for Year-End Gifts to Charity

    If you're thinking about making a charitable donation during the holiday season this year and want to claim a tax deduction for your gifts, you must itemize your deductions. This is just one of several tax rules that you should know about before you give. Here's what else you need to know:

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    Year-End Tax Planning for Businesses

    While the fate of several business-related tax extenders such as Research & Development tax credits, bonus depreciation, and Section 179 expensing that expired at the end of 2014 is uncertain, there are still a number of end of year tax planning strategies businesses can use to reduce their tax burden for 2015.

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    Year-End Tax Planning for Individuals

    Tax planning for the year ahead presents similar challenges to last year due to the unknown fate of the numerous tax extenders that expired at the end of 2014.

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    Time to Check Withholding

    Income tax is often withheld from wages and other types of income such as pensions, bonuses, commissions and gambling winnings. Ideally, taxpayers should try to match their withholding with their actual tax liability. If not enough tax is withheld, they will owe tax at the end of the year and may have to pay interest and a penalty. If too much tax is withheld, they will lose the use of that money until they get their refund.

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    Hold On to Your Tax Returns

    You should always keep a copy of your tax return for your records. You may need copies of your filed tax returns for many reasons. For example, they can help you prepare future tax returns. You'll also need them if you have to amend a prior year tax return. You often need them when you apply for a loan to buy a home or to start a business. You may need them if you apply for student financial aid.

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    Tax Tips for Starting a Business

    When you start a business, a key to your success is to know your tax obligations. You may not only need to know about income tax rules but also about payroll tax rules. Here are five tax tips that can help you get your business off to a good start.

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    Is Canceled Debt Taxable?

    Generally, debt that is forgiven or canceled by a lender is considered taxable income by the IRS and must be included as income on your tax return. Examples include a debt for which you are personally liable such as mortgage debt, credit card debt, and in some instances, student loan debt.

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    Leaving a Business: Which Exit Plan is Best?

    Selecting your business successor is a fundamental objective of planning an exit strategy and requires a careful assessment of what you want from the sale of your business and who can best give it to you.

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    Ten Key Tax Facts about Home Sales

    In most cases, gains from sales are taxable. But did you know that if you sell your home, you may not have to pay taxes? Here are ten facts to keep in mind if you sell your home this year.

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    Recordkeeping for Charitable Contributions

    You must keep records to prove the amount of any cash and noncash contributions you make during the year. Which records you must keep depends on the amount you contribute and whether they are cash or property contributions. New recordkeeping requirements were established for all contributions made after January 1, 2007.

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    Eight Ways Children Lower your Taxes

    Got kids? They may have an impact on your tax situation. Here are eight tax credits and deductions that can help lower your tax burden.

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    Tax Planning for Small Business Owners

    Tax planning is the process of looking at various tax options to determine when, whether, and how to conduct business and personal transactions to reduce or eliminate tax liability.

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    Brinker Simpson Gives Back

    Brinker, Simpson & Company, a full service certified public accounting and business consulting firm, has been making an impact in the business and professional landscape within the Philadelphia region for over 25 years. We focus on client relationships and handling the challenges necessary to help build success; at the same time, we have been making a difference in our local community. The culture embodied by the company is one of sharing our successes, building relationships and giving back to the community that has supported us, to help make it a better place to not only work, but to live, grow and enjoy.

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    How to Reinstate Nonprofit Status

    How to, Nonprofit, Tax-exempt

    When you work or volunteer at a nonprofit organization, you know the days can be hectic, and nonroutine tasks can sometimes get overlooked. If the annual requirement to file a tax return or notice with the IRS was one of those overlooked tasks, you may receive a letter revoking your organization's federal tax-exempt status.

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